Michael Ramirez

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T: +66 2653 5794
F: +66 2653 5678




English, Spanish, Thai


JD, University of California, Hastings College of the Law

BA, University of California, Berkeley

Michael Ramirez is a senior consultant and manager of Tilleke & Gibbins’ Myanmar practice, overseeing client services in the region. In this capacity, Michael works with the local and regional Myanmar attorney team and directly advises clients on commercial and dispute resolution matters in Myanmar.

Michael is a senior member of the firm’s dispute resolution group, where he has assisted major international clients in a wide range of domestic and international disputes, including  product liability, employment, customs and excise, and transportation and logistics disputes. Michael also serves as a client advisor on the strategic aspects of claims management for international litigation, cross-jurisdictional disputes, and compliance with international anti-corruption laws, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA).

Supplementing Michael’s practice is his representation of clients in arbitration and mediation. This experience includes representation in regional enforcement proceedings, as well as acting with a team of litigators in domestic and international claims resolutions. Michael is a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

Michael has authored and co-authored numerous published articles on Thai and Myanmar law on topics including arbitration, foreign investment law, and civil and criminal liability. He is a regular presenter on dispute resolution and commercial practice topics and has been the recipient of the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Award for his presentations on attorney ethics. Michael is actively involved in promoting and developing the Yangon office’s pro bono practice, to which he is committed to serving INGO and locally-based organizations.

  • Acted on behalf of several multinational corporations in high-profile criminal customs disputes involving the assessment and calculation of customs duties and penalties. In addition to our representation in active customs investigations and inquiries, our customs experts regularly counsel clients in a variety of compliance and operational matters related to the import and export of goods and services in Thailand.

  • Represented an American manufacturing conglomerate in four complex defective product claims in Thailand. In all cases we successfully defended the client and secured favorable judgments after comprehensive trials in connection with power generation equipment with a value of approximately USD 3,000,000 each.

  • Planned and executed the layoff of 1,900 employees. Thereafter, 279 of the affected employees submitted claims against the client in the total amount of THB 300,000,000. We successfully proved that our client had cause to terminate its employees and that such was done fully within applicable Thai law, resulting in judgment in our client’s favor. This was a high-stakes matter because, if we had lost the labor cases, the approximately 1,600 additional employees would have filed claims totaling approximately THB 2,000,000,000. We also act as ongoing labor compliance counsel.

  • Obtained a favorable judgment for the Thai affiliate of a leading animal health company in a case filed against a group of former executives who left to work for our client’s chief competitor. We secured this successful result even though there is still debate among Thai legal scholars as to whether noncompetition clauses are fair to employees.

  • Defended a leading global logistics company in three separate criminal actions brought by the Thai Customs Department with potential fines in excess of USD 15,000,000. After a defense put forth at the prosecutorial review stage, the Public Prosecutor issued non-prosecution orders in favor of our client. These orders have since been confirmed and this case is final.

  • Represented a well-known Japanese manufacturer in the prosecution of both civil and criminal matters related to use of confidential trade secret and theft of client property. Our client reached a favorable settlement in the civil claims. In the criminal matter, we worked with the police and the public prosecutor and successfully secured sufficient evidence to support prosecution of the criminal claims.

  • Represented the precious metals division of a large Japanese multinational corporation in claims it filed against its shipper and freight forwarder for the loss of gold dram.

  • Prevailed in a highly publicized termination case wherein the client sought court permission to terminate the president of a labor union based on her television appearance while wearing a controversial T-shirt. The president maintained that she had given such interview on her own time and that her actions were protected by the Constitution. Although she was supported by many NGOs, the court ruled in favor of our client.

  • Defended a leading apparel company in a THB 50,000,000 labor claim and in a criminal case brought against the client’s director. We prevailed in both claims brought by the client’s former HR manager.

  • Represented an international investment banking and asset management company in recovering funds provided to a Thai property developer (claims total USD 15,000,000).

  • Represented a U.S. government office in negotiations with a Thai debtor. 

  • Assisted a client with business reorganization. Our representation included providing legal advice, preparing and submitting the debt repayment application, attending the creditors’ meeting, and attending court hearings.

  • Negotiated a favorable settlement of a highly contested termination of a company director involving our client, the director, and the company of the spouse of the director. The dispute included two criminal cases and two civil cases (one of which involved a claim of THB 20,000,000). We successfully gathered evidence of the director’s misconduct and leveraged that evidence to secure a favorable settlement for our client.

  • Acted for a foreign specialty insurer and secured the dismissal of a large insured cargo claim brought by a joint-venture insurance company against a domestic freight forwarder. We successfully proved that the insured was not liable because the insured was not a carrier or actual carrier of goods.

  • Obtained court approval of a bankruptcy claim in the amount of nearly THB 120,000,000. Our representation included submitting the application for debt repayment, providing supplemental explanations and evidence, and proving our client’s right to the sum.

  • Obtained court approval of bankruptcy claims in  amounts of over THB 75,000,000 (company 1), THB 75,000,000 (company 2), and THB 150,000,000 (company 3). Our representation included submitting the application for debt repayment, providing supplemental explanations and evidence, and proving our clients’ right to the sums.

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October 1, 2015

Tilleke & Gibbins Seminar on October 28: Director and Officer Liability

Kobkit Thienpreecha, Michael Ramirez, Alongkorn Tongmee

Directors and officers are increasingly faced with potential exposure to liabilities, both inside and outside Thailand. These liabilities can and often do extend beyond regulatory compliance into the...

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September 28, 2015

Tilleke & Gibbins Named Domestic Law Firm of the Year at TrustLaw Awards

Based on our “effort and enthusiasm in supporting pro bono clients over the last year,” Tilleke & Gibbins has been named the “2015 Domestic Law Firm of the Year” at this year’s TrustLaw Awards....

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July 30, 2015

Tilleke & Gibbins’ Trademark Practice Ranked by Asia IP among Top Firms in Myanmar

Tilleke & Gibbins has been ranked as a “Recommended Firm” in Myanmar in Asia IP’s Trademark Survey 2015. Only a handful of firms were selected for this recognition, making this a truly...

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July 20, 2015

Asialaw Asia-Pacific Dispute Resolution Awards 2015: Tilleke & Gibbins Nominated in Five Categories

The nominees of the inaugural Asialaw Asia-Pacific Dispute Resolution Awards 2015 have been announced, and Tilleke & Gibbins has been nominated for awards in the following five categories:...

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May 18, 2015

Michael Ramirez to Present at Joint AMCHAM and TCCC Breakfast Briefing on New Thai Class Action Legislation

Michael Ramirez

In December of this year, amendments to Thailand’s Civil Procedure Code which provide for a form of class action litigation will become effective. The introduction of class actions will likely have a...

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August 17, 2015

Thailand: Important Amendments to the Counter-Corruption Act

John Frangos, Michael Ramirez

The Thai government has recently amended the Organic Act on Counter-Corruption B.E. 2542 (1999) (Amendments). The Amendments, which became effective on July 12, 2015, are part of the government’s...

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June 3, 2015

Global Agriculture Law (1st Ed.) – Thailand Chapter

The first edition of Global Agriculture Law, a Q&A-style guide that provides detailed overviews of agriculture law worldwide, has been published. The guide covers key practical issues, including...

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May 21, 2015

Special Economic Zones in Thailand and Myanmar

John Frangos, Michael Ramirez

Special Economic Zones (SEZs), with their mix of tax incentives, trade benefits, deregulation, and other investment privileges, have long been a popular tool for governments to encourage economic...

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March 9, 2015

Capturing Opportunity: Myanmar’s Hotel and Tourism Boom

Michael Ramirez, Nwe Oo

Since Myanmar liberalized its economy in 2011, the country has experienced a surge of foreign direct investment and visiting tourists. Official government figures show that tourist arrivals have...

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January 7, 2015

Lex Mundi Guide to Doing Business in Thailand 2015

Tilleke & Gibbins, in association with Lex Mundi, has published the latest edition of the Guide to Doing Business in Thailand. The guide provides a comprehensive overview of the legal and...

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