Michael Ramirez

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T: +66 2653 5794
F: +66 2653 5678




English, Spanish, Thai


JD, University of California, Hastings College of the Law

BA, University of California, Berkeley

Michael Ramirez, a senior consultant in the dispute resolution group of Tilleke & Gibbins’ Bangkok office, assists major international clients in a range of domestic and international disputes, including product liability, employment, customs and excise, and transportation and logistics. Michael serves as a client advisor on the strategic aspects of claims management for international litigation, cross-jurisdictional disputes, and compliance with local and foreign anti-corruption laws, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA).

Michael also leads the firm’s Myanmar practice, overseeing client services in the region. He works with local and regional Myanmar attorneys and directly advises clients on commercial and dispute resolution matters in the country.

Supplementing Michael’s practice is his representation of clients in arbitration and mediation. This experience includes representation in regional enforcement proceedings, as well as acting with a team of litigators in domestic and international claims resolution. Michael is a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

Michael has authored and co-authored numerous published articles on Thai and Myanmar laws on topics including customs practice, anti-corruption, foreign investment, and civil and criminal liability. He is a regular presenter on dispute resolution and commercial practice topics and has been the recipient of the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Award for his presentations on attorney ethics. Michael is actively involved in promoting and developing the firm’s pro bono practice, through which he serves both local and international organizations.

  • Acted on behalf of several multinational corporations in high-profile criminal customs disputes involving the assessment and calculation of customs duties and penalties. In addition to our representation in active customs investigations and inquiries, our customs experts regularly counsel clients in a variety of compliance and operational matters related to the import and export of goods and services in Thailand.

  • Represented an American manufacturing conglomerate in four complex defective product claims in Thailand. In all cases we successfully defended the client and secured favorable judgments after comprehensive trials in connection with power generation equipment with a value of approximately USD 3,000,000 each.

  • Planned and executed the layoff of 1,900 employees. Thereafter, 279 of the affected employees submitted claims against the client in the total amount of THB 300,000,000. We successfully proved that our client had cause to terminate its employees and that such was done fully within applicable Thai law, resulting in judgment in our client’s favor. This was a high-stakes matter because, if we had lost the labor cases, the approximately 1,600 additional employees would have filed claims totaling approximately THB 2,000,000,000. We also act as ongoing labor compliance counsel.

  • Obtained a favorable judgment for the Thai affiliate of a leading animal health company in a case filed against a group of former executives who left to work for our client’s chief competitor. We secured this successful result even though there is still debate among Thai legal scholars as to whether noncompetition clauses are fair to employees.

  • Defended a leading global logistics company in three separate criminal actions brought by the Thai Customs Department with potential fines in excess of USD 15,000,000. After a defense put forth at the prosecutorial review stage, the Public Prosecutor issued non-prosecution orders in favor of our client. These orders have since been confirmed and this case is final.

  • Represented a well-known Japanese manufacturer in the prosecution of both civil and criminal matters related to use of confidential trade secret and theft of client property. Our client reached a favorable settlement in the civil claims. In the criminal matter, we worked with the police and the public prosecutor and successfully secured sufficient evidence to support prosecution of the criminal claims.

  • Represented the precious metals division of a large Japanese multinational corporation in claims it filed against its shipper and freight forwarder for the loss of gold dram.

  • Prevailed in a highly publicized termination case wherein the client sought court permission to terminate the president of a labor union based on her television appearance while wearing a controversial T-shirt. The president maintained that she had given such interview on her own time and that her actions were protected by the Constitution. Although she was supported by many NGOs, the court ruled in favor of our client.

  • Defended a leading apparel company in a THB 50,000,000 labor claim and in a criminal case brought against the client’s director. We prevailed in both claims brought by the client’s former HR manager.

  • Represented an international investment banking and asset management company in recovering funds provided to a Thai property developer (claims total USD 15,000,000).

  • Represented a U.S. government office in negotiations with a Thai debtor. 

  • Assisted a client with business reorganization. Our representation included providing legal advice, preparing and submitting the debt repayment application, attending the creditors’ meeting, and attending court hearings.

  • Negotiated a favorable settlement of a highly contested termination of a company director involving our client, the director, and the company of the spouse of the director. The dispute included two criminal cases and two civil cases (one of which involved a claim of THB 20,000,000). We successfully gathered evidence of the director’s misconduct and leveraged that evidence to secure a favorable settlement for our client.

  • Acted for a foreign specialty insurer and secured the dismissal of a large insured cargo claim brought by a joint-venture insurance company against a domestic freight forwarder. We successfully proved that the insured was not liable because the insured was not a carrier or actual carrier of goods.

  • Obtained court approval of a bankruptcy claim in the amount of nearly THB 120,000,000. Our representation included submitting the application for debt repayment, providing supplemental explanations and evidence, and proving our client’s right to the sum.

  • Obtained court approval of bankruptcy claims in  amounts of over THB 75,000,000 (company 1), THB 75,000,000 (company 2), and THB 150,000,000 (company 3). Our representation included submitting the application for debt repayment, providing supplemental explanations and evidence, and proving our clients’ right to the sums.

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May 25, 2016

Michael Ramirez to Speak at IBA Asia Pacific Arbitration Group Training Day

Michael Ramirez

Michael Ramirez, a consultant in Tilleke & Gibbins’ dispute resolution group, will speak on the topic “Dealing with Evidence in International Arbitration: The Application of the IBA Rules on the...

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April 21, 2016

Asia Tax Awards 2016: Tilleke & Gibbins Nominated as Tax Firm of the Year in Asia, Myanmar, and Thailand

The nominations for the International Tax Review’s Asia Tax Awards have been announced, and Tilleke & Gibbins has been shortlisted in three categories: Asia Tax Firm of the Year. This is a...

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March 14, 2016

Michael Ramirez to Speak on Supply Chain Transparency at AMCHAM Thailand Event

Michael Ramirez

The U.S. Congress recently passed legislation banning the importation of products which use forced or indentured labor. Certain U.S. states, including California, have legislation which instead...

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February 10, 2016

Chambers Asia-Pacific 2016 Recognizes Tilleke & Gibbins’ Practices in Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar

In the 2016 annual rankings released by renowned industry publication Chambers Asia-Pacific, Tilleke & Gibbins’ practices in Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar were recognized for their capabilities in...

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December 23, 2015

Asia Cargo News Interviews Michael Ramirez on Investing in Myanmar

Michael Ramirez

Michael Ramirez, a senior consultant at Tilleke & Gibbins, was interviewed by Asia Cargo News  for his views on the current and future investment environment in Myanmar. Following Myanmar’s...

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April 11, 2016

PLC Doing Business In … Multi-Jurisdictional Guide 2016 – Thailand Chapter

Darani Vachanavuttivong, Sriwan Puapondh, Kitti Thaisomboon, Michael Ramirez, David Beckstead, Napat Siri-armart

Doing Business, a Q&A-style guide published by Practical Law Company in association with Lex Mundi, presents an overview of key recent developments affecting doing business in 41 jurisdictions...

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April 11, 2016

PLC Doing Business In … Multi-Jurisdictional Guide 2016 – Myanmar Chapter

Michael Ramirez, Nwe Oo

The Myanmar chapter of Doing Business, a guide published by Practical Law Company in association with Lex Mundi, presents a comprehensive Q&A-style overview of doing business in Myanmar. Written...

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March 10, 2016

Myanmar – Trade Restrictions Relaxed for Agribusiness and Medical Equipment

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar has moved one step closer to liberalizing its trade economy. On February 19, 2016, the Myanmar Ministry of Commerce issued Notification No. 11/2016, which lifted...

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February 25, 2016

Myanmar Embraces International Commercial Arbitration

Michael Ramirez

Myanmar is entering a new chapter in its commercial arbitration history—on January 5, 2016, the country enacted a new Arbitration Law (Pyihtaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 5, 2016), reforming its domestic...

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February 15, 2016

Grace Period to Pay Stamp Duty in Myanmar

If you have existing contracts or are contemplating execution of new contracts in Myanmar, you should be aware of a recent announcement made by the Internal Revenue Department (IRD). The announcement...

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