On April 8, 2020, the Government of Vietnam issued Decree No. 41/2020/ND-CP, which took effect on the same day, on deferral of payment of taxes and land rental (“Decree 41”). This is considered a relief measure for taxpayers amid the COVID-19 epidemic.
Decree 41 provides for extension of the deadline for tax payment for a number of taxpayers, including companies in many sectors, small and extra-small enterprises, and credit institutions providing supporting services for clients affected by the COVID-19 epidemic.
In detail, taxpayers in the following businesses are eligible for this incentive:
Additionally, enterprises that qualify as small or extra-small enterprises are also eligible for this incentive, including foreign-invested companies. In the trading and service area, small enterprises are defined as those with an annual average number of employees participating in social insurance not exceeding 50 people and having annual revenue not exceeding VND 100 billion (approx. USD 4,254,000) or total capital not exceeding VND 50 billion (approx. USD 2,127,000). Extra-small enterprises are those with an annual average number of employees participating in social insurance not exceeding 10 people and having annual revenue not exceeding VND 10 billion (approx. USD 425,400) or total capital not exceeding VND 3 billion (approx. USD 127,000).
The deferral is applicable to payments of value-added tax (except for value-added tax paid at the import stage), corporate income tax, personal income tax for households and individuals doing business, and land rental.
Regarding value-added tax (VAT), the deadline for payment of the VAT due for March, April, May and June of 2020 (for those filing VAT returns monthly) and for Quarters 1 and 2 of 2020 (for those filing VAT returns quarterly) is extended for five months. For instance, the VAT payment for March is now due on 20 September 2020 and the deadline for VAT of Quarter 1 of 2020 is 30 September 2020.
For corporate income tax (CIT), the amount of CIT as finalized in the 2019 annual statement and CIT declared in the first and second quarters of 2020 will be deferred for five months. If a taxpayer has already paid the CIT of 2019, it may offset the paid CIT against other unpaid taxes.
Regarding land rental, for land users that leased their land directly from the state with annual rental payments, the deadline for payment of the first installment of 2020 is extended to 31 October 2020. It is worth noting that this deferred payment policy does not seem to apply to land which is leased from developers of industrial or economic or processing zones (including state-owned developers). Decree 41 does not specifically mention this form of land lease while referring to the deferred payments to the local tax offices (which are applicable to cases where land is leased directly from the local authorities).
Taxpayers that wish to enjoy this incentive are required to submit a prescribed request form of deferral (as enclosed with Decree 41) together with their periodical tax returns.
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